A Tour Through Pinuyo (V): Verb Tense, Aspect and Mood

Tense

The following tenses are defined: hit I elephant

simple past (preterite)
I hit the elephant.

was searching work I

past progressive (imperfect)
I was looking for work.

 

simple present
I see the factory.

am walking I in the factory

present progressive
I am walking in the factory.

 

simple future
I will leave the house tomorrow.

future progressive

Aspect

The following aspects are defined:

inceptive

terminative

 

inchoative

perfective

cessitive

pausative

resumptive

 

aorist

habitual

Mood

The following moods are defined:

imperative
(You all) do not work on Sundays!

indicative

 

optative

subjunctive

Conditional Mood

Zero conditional. Note the use of the conditional box, the aorist tense and the conjunction "and".   ice ice identical to melt and heat

If you heat ice, it melts.

First conditional. Note the use of the future tense in the consequential.   win he identical to he will say and you

If he wins, he will tell you.

Second conditional. Note the use of the present-irrealis marker. me swimming pool he we would go and go

If he came to me, we would go to the swimming pool.

Third conditional. Note the use of the past-irrealis marker. call and break in he I police house not not

If he hadn't broken into the house, I wouldn't have called the police.


Back to the Main page.

Take a Tour I: Word Types
Take a Tour II: Building Sentences
Take a Tour III: Joining Sentences I
Take a Tour IV: Joining Sentences II
Take a Tour V: Verb Tense, Aspect and Mood
Take a Tour VI: Participles
Vocabulary
Alphabet (Pronunciation hints)
The Babel text
A thank you to Helmi


Author: René Uittenbogaard.