Pinuyo Alphabet

The Pinuyo alphabet is used for giving pronunciation hints.

Consonants

  labial dental, alveolar palatal, velar, (uvular) uvular, pharyngeal, glottal
voiceless stop p t k, (q) q, ʔ
voiced stop b d g ɢ
voiceless fricative f θ x, (χ) χ, ħ, h
voiced fricative v ð ɣ, (ʁ) ʁ, ʕ, ɦ
voiceless sibilant     s ʃ    
voiced sibilant     z ʒ    
approximant β, ʋ l, r j, ɰ  
nasal m n ŋ ɴ

Vowels

  front
unrounded
front
rounded
central
unrounded
central
rounded
back
unrounded
back
rounded
close i y ɨ ʉ ɯ u, ʊ
close-mid e ø ɘ ɵ ɤ o
open-mid ɛ, æ œ ɜ ɞ ʌ ɔ
open a ɶ ɐ ɐ̹ ɑ ɒ
semivowels j ɥ             w

Numbers

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .

Examples

Names can be spelled with a unique logogram if one is available.  

Pinuyo

If there is a need to give an indication of the pronunciation, the approximate pronunciation can be given in the Pinuyo alphabet.  

Pinuyo

Not all phones are available in the alphabet; the writer will have to search for approximate equivalents. Speakers of different native languages might choose different representations.

Auguste /ogyst/

Augustus /ɔgʌstɜs/

Names are spelled starting at the name logogram, but this can be either left-to-right or right-to-left.

Bobo

Bobo

If there is no name logogram, a start-of-text marker indicates where to begin reading.

<START-OF-TEXT>

David

The start-of-text marker can be rotated to give names a vertical orientation.

David

David

David

David

Decimal numbers are formed by stringing digits together using the positional system. The start-of-text marker is used to indicate the position of the units. Decimals may be written together with the decimal point on the other side of the marker.

3.1416

1971

When pronunciation hints are used in sentences, they are placed in an extended noun box.

David

René


Back to the Main page.

Take a Tour I: Word Types
Take a Tour II: Building Sentences
Take a Tour III: Joining Sentences I
Take a Tour IV: Joining Sentences II
Take a Tour V: Verb Tense, Aspect and Mood
Take a Tour VI: Participles
Vocabulary
Alphabet (Pronunciation hints)
The Babel text
A thank you to Helmi
Relay 16


Author: René Uittenbogaard.